2017 Presidential Executive Orders and Memos
All United States presidents since George Washington have issued executive orders to help manage their major policy initiatives within the various agencies of the federal or state government. Like both statutes and regulations of the legislative body, executive orders are subject to judicial review and in some instances, may be struck down if the courts find the executive order unconstitutional.
For a full list and complete text of recent Presidential Actions, visit: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions
The following are four of the most significant executive orders issued in early 2017:
- Executive Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States – Effective Date: 1/27/17 – (New Revised Order Issued 3/15/17)
- Original order: The executive order is focused on immigration and contains three major components. 1) It indefinitely bars Syrian refugees from entering the United States, 2) It suspends all refugee admissions for 120 days, and 3) It blocks citizens (regardless of whether they are refugees) from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen from entering the United States for 90 days. The order does not affect naturalized United States citizens or green card holders coming from the 6 countries.
- 7/13/2017 Status Update: Federal District Court judge in Hawaii ruled that the administration’s temporary ban on travelers from six predominantly Muslim countries should not prevent grandparents and other close relatives of residents from entering the United States. The Judge also declared that refugees with ties to a resettlement agencies that was committed to receiving them, had a relationship that made them eligible to enter the country.
- 6/26/2017 Status Update: Supreme Court partially restores the executive order ban and justices decided to hear the governments case in October 2017. In the meantime, Visas that have already been approved will not be revoked. New applications from these countries must prove a “bona fide relationship”, which includes a parent, spouse, child, adult son or daughter, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, sibling/step sibling, individuals engaged to be married, or a business entity in the United States. This “bona fide relationship” also applies to the refugees from all nations that are waiting for approval for admission to the United States.
- 5/25/17 Status Update: Federal Appeals Court left in place the freeze on the administration’s entry ban to block the issuance of new visas to citizens of the 6 Muslim-majority countries.
- 3/15/17 Status Update: Federal judge in Hawaii block the major provisions of revised ban on refugee resettlement and travel from six predominately Muslim countries. The decision strikes down the administration’s attempt to pause all refugee resettlement for 120 days and blocks citizens of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen from entering the United States. Courts in Maryland and Washington also heard arguments against the order.
- 2/9/17 Status Update: Original executive order from 1/27/17 struck down by United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
- 3/6/17 Status Update: Revised order issued with effective date of 3/16/17. The new order removed Iraq from the list of countries affected, exempts green card and visa holders, and changes the indefinite ban on Syrian refugees to a 120 day ban. Full text of revised order: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/03/06/presidential-executive-order-protecting-nation-foreign-terrorist-entry
- Executive Order: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements – Effective Date: 1/25/17
- Executive Order: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States – Effective Date: 1/25/17
- The executive order directs federal agencies to take away federal funding from any city or jurisdiction that refuses to comply with a statute that requires local governments to share information with immigration authorities. There is an exception in the order for aid that goes to police.
- For more information on recent Connecticut guidance regarding responding to federal Homeland Security Immigration directives, see Governor Malloy’s memos to police chiefs and school superintendents at: http://portal.ct.gov/en/Office-of-the-Governor/Press-Room/Press-Releases/2017/02-2017/Malloy-Administration-Issues-Guidance-to-Law-Enforcement-and-School-Districts-Regarding-Immigration
- Letter to Early Care and Education Program Administrators from Gov. Malloy and Office of Early Childhood with guidance about how to support and respond to a child’s immigration status or their families: http://www.birth23.org/files/Providers/LtrStateFundedEarlyChildcareImmigrantRefugee.pdf
- Governor Dannel P. Malloy has released a toolkit developed by his office, several Connecticut state agencies, and relevant stakeholders to provide a user-friendly, step-by-step guide for parents who want to have a plan in place for a friend of family member to care for their children in the event that they are detained or deported. The Family Preparedness Plan, available in English, Spanish, Haitian Creole, Mandarin, Polish, and Portuguese includes information on steps people can take on their own, without the help of an attorney, to develop a child care plan, and includes important forms and documents that families can fill out and store in a safe place where they can be accessed if needed. The plan also includes information on where to find immigration legal assistance, and guidance on how to avoid immigration scams.
- The toolkit can be downloaded online as a PDF document by accessing this link: http://portal.ct.gov/FamilyPreparedness
- Executive Order: Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal – Effective Date: 1/20/17
- The executive order directs federal agencies to scale back regulations, taxes and penalties under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The executive order does not repeal or replace the ACA at this time and there is still a requirement that individuals have health coverage.
Individuals can call their Federal Representative or Senator and ask to speak with a Congressional staffer to get more information about any recent Congressional or Presidential actions, or individuals can go in person to the Congress person’s office to speak with a staffer. Contact information for Representatives and Senators is listed here: http://www.sots.ct.gov/sots/cwp/view.asp?a=3179&q=515402
To find the contact information for the Connecticut Representatives and Senators phone numbers based on residency, visit the website link at: www.cga.ct.gov/asp/menu/CGAFindLeg.asp – from the drop down menus: first Select Town, then Street Name, then type in a Street Number and choose ‘Find’ to see results.
SOURCE: White House.gov website; Connecticut General Assembly: Find Your Legislators search tool; United States Department of Homeland Security; Office of Governor Dannel P. Malloy
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CONTENT LAST REVIEWED: July2017