Earned Income Tax Credit (EIC/EITC) / Federal Earned Income Tax Credit / Connecticut Earned Income Tax Credit

Download PDF

 

The following is primarily summarized from information about the Earned Income Tax Credit posted on the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
website: http://www.irs.gov/Credits-&-Deductions/Individuals/Earned-Income-Tax-Credit

WHAT IS THE EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT?
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), or Earned Income Credit (EIC), is a tax benefit for working people with low or moderate incomes. The EITC/EIC is designed to reduce the tax burden on eligible income workers and to supplement their wages. Workers who qualify for the EIC and file a federal tax return can have some or all of the federal income tax that was taken out of their pay during the year refunded to them. Workers whose earnings are too small to have paid taxes can also obtain an EITC/EIC. The EITC/EIC also reduces any additional taxes eligible workers may owe.

WHO IS ELIGIBLE FOR THE EARNED INCOME CREDIT?
Single or married people who worked full time or part time at some point during the year can qualify for the EITC/EIC under the following guidelines:

Note: These calculations are for 2017 IRS Tax Schedule filing for 2016 Tax Year, http://www.irs.gov/Individuals/EITC-Income-Limits,-Maximum-Credit–Amounts-and-Tax-Law-Updates

Many legal immigrants can also qualify for the EITC/EIC, as long as they meet the eligibility requirements. In most cases, the EITC/EIC does not affect eligibility for other benefits received by the worker such as cash assistance (“welfare”), Medicaid, SNAP/Food Stamps, SSI, or public or subsidized housing. However, undocumented workers cannot claim an EITC/EIC.

HOW TO OBTAIN AN EARNED INCOME CREDIT
Workers who raised children must file either Form 1040 or 1040A and must fill out and attach Schedule EIC. Workers with children cannot get the EITC/EIC if they file form 1040EZ or fail to attach Schedule EIC. Married workers must file a joint return to get the EITC/EIC. Workers who are not raising children can file any tax form – including the 1040EZ. These workers write “EIC” (or the dollar amount of their credit) on the Earned Income Credit line on the tax form. They do not need to file Schedule EIC. Schedule EIC forms can be obtained by mail or downloaded from the website of the IRS: http://www.irs.gov Forms can also be obtained at libraries, post offices and local IRS offices.

NOTE:  Beginning in 2017, a new law approved by Congress requires the IRS to hold refunds on tax returns claiming the Earned Income Tax Credit or the Additional Child Tax Credit until mid-February.  The IRS must hold the entire refund – even the portion not associated with the EITC and ACTC — until at least Feb. 15. This change helps ensure that taxpayers get the refund they are owed by giving the agency more time to help detect and prevent fraud  For more details, visit the IRS website: https://www.irs.gov/uac/as-holidays-approach-irs-reminds-taxpayers-of-refund-delays-in-2017

WHAT IS THE CONNECTICUT EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT?
Connecticut’s Earned Income Tax Credit (CT EITC), adopted in 2011, is a way to help working individuals and families during these difficult economic times. To qualify for the state credit, Connecticut residents need to be working, earning, and eligible for the federal earned income tax.

Connecticut Department of Revenue Service has a link on their website at, http://www.ct.gov/drs/cwp/view.asp?a=4165&Q=491140&PM=1, which will give you information on the program.

WHO IS ELIGIBLE?

In order to qualify for the Connecticut State Earned Income Tax Credit, filers must meet the criteria outlined above for the Federal EITC program and would then calculate 27.5% of the federal benefit for the Connecticut EITC benefit amount, see below.

Note: Figures are for 2017 Tax Schedule for 2016 Tax Year.

FORMS TO BRING TO A TAX ASSISTANCE SITE
When visiting a TCE (Tax Counseling for the Elderly) or VITA (Volunteer Income Tax Assistance) site, bring the following:

TO FIND PROVIDERS IN CONNECTICUT’S COMMUNITY RESOURCES DATABASE:

Search by service name: EITC

———————————–

SOURCES: 2-1-1 database; Internal Revenue Service website
INTERNET PAGE PREPARED BY: 211/pt
CONTENT LAST REVIEWED: December2016