Earned Income Tax Credit (EIC/EITC) / Federal Earned Income Tax Credit / Connecticut Earned Income Tax Credit

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The following is primarily summarized from information about the Earned Income Tax Credit posted on the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
website: https://www.irs.gov/credits-deductions/individuals/earned-income-tax-credit

WHAT IS THE EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT?
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), or Earned Income Credit (EIC), is a tax benefit for working people with low or moderate incomes. The EITC/EIC is designed to reduce the tax burden on eligible income workers and to supplement their wages. Workers who qualify for the EIC and file a federal tax return can have some or all of the federal income tax that was taken out of their pay during the year refunded to them. Workers whose earnings are too small to have paid taxes can also obtain an EITC/EIC. The EITC/EIC also reduces any additional taxes eligible workers may owe.

WHO IS ELIGIBLE FOR THE EARNED INCOME CREDIT?
Single or married people who worked full time or part time at some point during the year can qualify for the EITC/EIC under the following guidelines:

Note: These calculations are for 2019 IRS Tax Schedule filing for 2018 Tax Year, https://www.irs.gov/credits-deductions/individuals/earned-income-tax-credit/eitc-income-limits-maximum-credit-amounts-next-year

Many legal immigrants can also qualify for the EITC/EIC, as long as they meet the eligibility requirements. In most cases, the EITC/EIC does not affect eligibility for other benefits received by the worker such as cash assistance (“welfare”), Medicaid, SNAP/Food Stamps, SSI, or public or subsidized housing. However, undocumented workers cannot claim an EITC/EIC.

HOW TO OBTAIN AN EARNED INCOME CREDIT
Workers who raised children must file Form 1040 and must fill out and attach Schedule EIC. Married workers must file a joint return to get the EITC/EIC. These workers write “EIC” (or the dollar amount of their credit) on the Earned Income Credit line on the tax form. They do not need to file Schedule EIC. Schedule EIC forms can be obtained by mail or downloaded from the website of the IRS: http://www.irs.gov/Forms can also be obtained at libraries, post offices and local IRS offices.

NOTE:  Beginning in 2017, a new law approved by Congress requires the IRS to hold refunds on tax returns claiming the Earned Income Tax Credit or the Additional Child Tax Credit until mid-February. so fraud and scam tax filings can be verified and eliminated.

Check “Where’s My Refund” for refund information
“Where’s My Refund?” ‎on IRS.gov and the IRS2Go mobile app remains the best way to check the status of a refund. “Where’s My Refund?” will be updated with projected deposit dates for most early EITC and ACTC refund filers by February 23, so those filers will not see a refund date on “Where’s My Refund?” ‎or through their software packages until then.

The IRS expects the earliest EITC/ACTC related refunds to be available in taxpayer bank accounts or on debit cards starting on Feb. 27, 2019, if these taxpayers chose direct deposit and there are no other issues with their tax return.

WHAT IS THE CONNECTICUT EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT?
Connecticut’s Earned Income Tax Credit (CT EITC), adopted in 2011, is a way to help working individuals and families during these difficult economic times. To qualify for the state credit, Connecticut residents need to be working, earning, and eligible for the federal earned income tax.

Connecticut Department of Revenue Service has a link on their website at, https://portal.ct.gov/DRS/CT—EITC/CT-EITC-Information/What-is-the-CT-EITC, which will give you information on the program.

WHO IS ELIGIBLE?

In order to qualify for the Connecticut State Earned Income Tax Credit, filers must meet the criteria outlined above for the Federal EITC program and would then calculate 23% of the federal benefit for the Connecticut EITC benefit amount, see below.

Note: Figures are for 2019 Tax Schedule for 2018 Tax Year.

FORMS TO BRING TO A TAX ASSISTANCE SITE
When visiting a TCE (Tax Counseling for the Elderly) or VITA (Volunteer Income Tax Assistance) site, bring the following:

TO FIND PROVIDERS IN CONNECTICUT’S COMMUNITY RESOURCES DATABASE:

Search by service name: EITC

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SOURCES: 2-1-1 database; Internal Revenue Service website
INTERNET PAGE PREPARED BY: 211/pt
CONTENT LAST REVIEWED: December2018